Constantine I as Caesar
The "Lost" GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Issue of Antioch, July 306 - Spring 307 AD

Overlooked by RIC VI. Multiple specimens known for all 10 officina!

Constantine I as Caesar, AE Follis, 306-307, Antioch

Obverse:
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right

Reverse:
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Officina in right field, ANT : in exergue

Reference:
-Banduri, Anselmo, "Numismata Imperatorum Romanorum a Trajano Decio usque ad Palaeologos Augustos", Vol. II, 1718, p. 261.
-Cohen, Henry, "Descriptions Historique des Monnaies frappees sous l'Empire Romain", 1888, Tome VII, p253, #219 (no reference to Antioch or mint mark).
-Voetter, Otto, "Die Kupferprägung der Diokletianischen Tetrarchie", Numischmatische Zeitschrift, Wien, 1917, p13 and table (Tafel) VII.
Quote from p13:
"Die achte Emission mit ANT : ist Anfange 306 entstanden; dies bezeugen die Serie des Constantius Chlorus, der mitte des Jahres starb, und jene des Severus Caesar, da er eben dann Augustus wurde. Anderszeits gibt es weder einen Severus Aug. noch einen Constantinus Magnus aus der früheren Emission (ANT dot). Eben diese achte Emission ist die letzte mit dem vollen Gewicht. Severus hat von den nun folgenden Mittelbronzen, die um ein Drittel des Gewichtes reduziert worden sind, kein Stück mehr geprägt (Taf. VII oberere Teil)."
In Tafel VII Voetter cites examples of this coin for officina (A, B, E, S, Z, H and I).
-Voetter, Otto, "Die Münzen der römischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus, Katalog der hinterlassenen Sammlung und Aufzeichnung des Herrn Paul Gerin", 1921, p46, #1 (specimen in the collection of Paul Gerin, from officina AΓ and S)
-Kent, J.P.C., "The Pattern of Bronze Coinage under Constantine I", Numismatic Chronicle, 1957, p 69, #1086
-Sutherland, C.H.V., "The Roman Imperial Coinage" Volume VI, 1967, general note from p. 605: "It is to be strongly presumed (though explicit proof is lacking) that the final issue of Group II aes continued into Group III with mark, weight and types unchanged. [...] the issue may not date until c. spring 307".
-Bastien, Pierre, "Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307)", Revue Numismatique, 1967, Aleppo & Homs, Syria Hoards, table p171.
-Bastien, Pierre, "Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307)", Revue Numismatique, 1967, Lebanon Hoard, p188, #76.
-King, C.E. & Spaer, A., "A Hoard of Folles from Northern Sinai", Numismatic Chronicle, 1977, p106, #4000-4009.
-Salzmann, D., "Folles of Severus II as Augustus and of Constantine I as Caesar from Antioch ", Numismatic Chronicle, 1983, p214-216 and plate 42, #7.
Image
Off Specimens found
A 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p46, #1, collection of Paul Gerin.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 ex Barry Murphy collection listed at NOT in RIC and on Vcoins at Ephesus Numismatics. (9.73g).
1 listed sold by CNG (10.88g). also displayed on Not in RIC.
1 in the collection of Robert Bernobich, see also Not in RIC (10.47g).
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6 specimens known = R3

B 4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen, ex Beast Coins, ex Gert Boersema (8.92g).
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7 specimens known = R3
Γ 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p46, #1, collection of Paul Gerin.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Lebanon Hoard, #76 (9.44g), see Not in RIC.
1 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4000 (11.81g).
1 listed by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #7, British Museum (9.97g).
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen, ex-Rick Morton, listed at Not in RIC (10.16g).
1 sold on eBay in April 2008 in a 2 coin lot, bought by Tom Schroer. See Not in RIC.
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12 specimens known = R2
Δ 4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
3 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4001 (11.04g), #4002 (10.55g), #4003 (9.90g).
1 sold on eBay in 2005, listed at Not in RIC.
1 sold by Gert Boersema (9.61g).
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9 specimens known = R3

E 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 in the collection of Thomasz Speier (10.62g), listed at NOT in RIC.
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5 specimens known = R3

S 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p46, #1, collection of Paul Gerin.
3 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard,  #4004 (9.82g), #4005 (9.41g).
1 ex Barry Murphy, ex CNG 43, Lot 2501, Aufhauser 10 (8.55g).
1 sold on eBay in April, 2007, listed at NOT in RIC (11.0g).
1 in the collection of Robert Bernobich (the : is not present on this specimen), listed at NOT in RIC (9.2g).
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11 specimens known = R2
Z 6 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4006 (9.19g), #4007 (9.02g).
1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1979.121.1 (9.67g).
1 sold as article #08398 rustyromans.com shop, Nov 2007.
1 in the collection of Robert Bernobich, sold on eBay by rustyromans, March 2008 (10.6g). See Not in RIC.
1 in the collection of Steve Santore (9.59g). See Not in RIC.
1 listed by Roman Lode on VCoins since January 2013 (9.75g).
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14 specimens known = R2


H 1 listed in the ANS database: ANS  1944.100.4337 (9.14g)
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 sold at CNG auction May 2010 (12.02g), listed at Not in RIC.
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5 specimens known = R3

ΔE 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
6 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 sold eBay June 2008. Now collection of Ben Bridgwater.  See Not in RIC.
1 sold by FORVM Ancient Coins (8.87g). See Not in RIC.
1 sold by Gorny & Mosch at an auction in March 2013 (11.31g). See Not in RIC.
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11 specimens known = R2
I 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4008 (8.56g), #4009 (8.55g).
1 from the Brent Upchurch collection listed at NOT in RIC.
1 sold at ArtCoins Roma auction in December 2012 (11.02g). See Not in RIC.
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6 specimens known = R3