Severus II as Augustus
The "Lost" GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Issue of Antioch, July 306 - Spring 307 AD

Overlooked by RIC VI. Multiple specimens known for all 10 officina!

Severus II as Augustus, AE Follis, 306-307, Antioch

Obverse:
IMP C FL VAL SEVERVS P F AVG
Laureate head right

Reverse:
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Officina in right field, ANT : in exergue

Reference:
-Voetter, Otto, "Die Kupferprägung der Diokletianischen Tetrarchie", Numischmatische Zeitschrift, Wien, 1917, p13 and table (Tafel) VII. Quote from p13:
"Die achte Emission mit ANT : ist Anfange 306 entstanden; dies bezeugen die Serie des Constantius Chlorus, der mitte des Jahres starb, und jene des Severus Caesar, da er eben dann Augustus wurde. Anderszeits gibt es weder einen Severus Aug. noch einen Constantinus Magnus aus der früheren Emission (ANT dot).  Eben diese achte Emission ist die letzte mit dem vollen Gewicht. Severus hat von den nun folgenden Mittelbronzen, die um ein Drittel des Gewichtes reduziert worden sind, kein Stück mehr geprägt (Taf. VII oberere Teil)."
In Tafel VII Voetter cites examples of this coin for all officina (A, B, Γ, Δ, E, S, Z, H and ΔE), except the 10th (I).
-Voetter, Otto, "Die Münzen der römischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus, Katalog der hinterlassenen Sammlung und Aufzeichnung des Herrn Paul Gerin", 1921, p41, #4 (specimen in the collection of Paul Gerin, from officina Δ, E and S)
-Kent, J.P.C., "The Pattern of Bronze Coinage under Constantine I", Numismatic Chronicle, 1957, p 69, #1084
-Sutherland, C.H.V., "The Roman Imperial Coinage", Volume VI, 1967, p624, note 5: "This issue, save for Constantius, continued without change at the beginning of Group III, except that no coins of Severus as Augustus (though included by Kent, N.C. 1957, p. 69, no. 1084) are known to me".
-Sutherland, C.H.V., "The Roman Imperial Coinage", Volume VI, 1967, p627, Note: "As indicated above, p. 624, n. 5, the aes of Group II (ii) continued into Group III with unchanged Genio Populi Romani folles for Galerius and Maximinus (though probably not for Severus as Augustus)....".
-Bastien, Pierre, "Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307)", Revue Numismatique, 1967, Aleppo & Homs, Syria Hoards, table p171.
-Bastien, Pierre, "Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307)", Revue Numismatique, 1967, Lebanon Hoard, p188, #75 & #77.
-King, C.E. & Spaer, A., "A Hoard of Folles from Northern Sinai", Numismatic Chronicle, 1977, p106, #3981-3989.
-Carson, R.A.G.,"Principal Coins of the Romans", Volume III, The Dominate, 1981, p27, #1271.  (BM specimen, officina Γ,10.26g)
Comment by Carson on this specimen: "An extremely rare example of the follis coinage at Antioch for Severus as Augustus". 
-Salzmann, D., "Folles of Severus II as Augustus and of Constantine I as Caesar from Antioch ", Numismatic Chronicle, 1983, p214-216 and plate 42, #1-6. The Specimen depicted as #2 on plate 42 is the same one as depicted by Carson in "Principal Coins of the Romans", Volume III, #1271, though its weight is now listed at 10.25g instead of 10.26g.
Image
Off Specimens found

A 3 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Lebanon Hoard, #75 (9.67g).
1 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #3981 (11.59g).
1 sold on eBay in November 2007 for $338-. Listed at NOT in RIC. (10.88g), ex-collection of Philippe Gysen. (image)
1 sold on Pegasi Numismatics auction XXVIII in May 2013 as lot #627 for $350,-. Listed at NOT in RIC. (10.53g). (image)
1 from the J. Baptiste collection, sold at Artemide Aste Live Auction 24.1E in Oct 2013 for $350. Listed at NOT in RIC.  (11.47g). (image)
1 sold on eBay in May 2015 by Gitbud & Naumann (8.90g).
1 collection of Jan de Veen, bought on eBay in October 2018 from "collectofir" (9.55g) for $53,-. Listed at NOT in RIC. (image)
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10 specimens known
B 3 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
3 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #1, sold in Lanz, Munich, sale 22, 10 May, 1982, as lot #889.
sold by Aegean Numismatics (7.86g) in March 1998 for $135, listed at NOT in RIC, (image) ,
previously offered at Classical Numismatic Auctions X in March 1990, lot #946.
1 sold on eBay in November 2012 by Numismatic Lanz (9.40g).
1 sold on Höhn auction 92 (lot 1186) in October 2019 for (10.41g) for 100 Euro, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold by Tinia Numismatica auction 19 (lot 9) in July 2020 for 19 Euro (9.83g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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 11 specimens known

Γ 1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #3982 (10.89g), #3983 (10.27g).
1 listed by Carson, "Principal Coins of the Romans", Vol. III, #1271 and by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #2 (image), British Museum (10.26 or 10.25g).
1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1984.146.647 (9.51g) (image).
1 collection of Robert Bernobich, formerly from the John A. Seeger collection, sold at CNG eAuction 172 in September 2007 (10.26g) (image), and later sold at CNG Coin Shop (no. 866181) in February 2010 for $345,-.
1 collection of Jan de Veen, bought on eBay in 2008 from Archaeology Pty Ltd. (10.37g) for $245, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 collection of Jan de Veen, bought on eBay in 2013 from Den of Antiquity (9.23g) for $51.12, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold on Jesús Vico S.A. Auction 4 (lot #362) in September 2018 for $80,-; ex Dattari collection (?g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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11 specimens known
Δ 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p41, #4, collection of Paul Gerin.
4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #3, private collection, earlier
described in "Antike Münzen, Katalog zur Ausstellung im Museum Bochum", June 1973, #450 (8.83g). (image)
1 listed by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #4, private collection (9.20g). (image)
1 listed by Dr. Wendelin Kellner in "Ungewöhnliche und irreguläre Römermünzen. 15. Teil: Tacitus - Maxentius", Money Trend 2011, no. 3, p. 202, no. 27; (7.76 g) (image)
1 sold on Naville Numismatics Live Auction 14 (lot #487) in April 2015 (10.96g) for $80,-, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold on Jesús Vico S.A. Auction 3 (lot #260) in September 2017 for 35 Euro; ex Dattari collection (?g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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11 specimens known

E 1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1944.100.64165 (8.55g) (image). Bequest of E.T. Newell; findspot: Cairo, Egypt, 1914.
1 listed at the ANS database ANS 1944.100.64166 (12.16g) (image). Bequest of E.T. Newell; findspot: Cairo, Egypt, 1914.
1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p41, #4, collection of Paul Gerin.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Metcalf, Cairo Hoard, #997, "The «Cairo» Hoard of Tetrarchic Folles", Revue belge de numismatique et de sigillographie 1974, CXX, p. 106 and plate I, #5 (image) and #6 (image);
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard,  #3984 (10.22g), #3985 (9.68g). 1 of these pictured on plate 2. (image)
1 ex-Robert Bernobich collection, also listed on Wildwinds.com (9.84g), sold in VAuctions auction 310, lot #266 in Sept 2014 (9.84g) for $ 330,- , listed at NOT in RIC (image)
1 sold at Numismatik Naumann auction 84, lot 481, in December 2019 for 80 Euro (8.06g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold on eBay in April 2020 for 83.81 Euro (9.25g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold in August 2021 (10.13g) for 85 Euro at Lydia Numsmatics online auction #10, lot 711 (image).
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15 specimens known

S 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p41, #4, collection of Paul Gerin.
1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1944.100.64164 (10.17g) (image). Bequest of E.T. Newell; findspot: Cairo, Egypt, 1914.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Lebanon Hoard, #77 (10.61g) (image).
1 listed by Metcalf, Cairo Hoard, #999, "The «Cairo» Hoard of Tetrarchic Folles", Revue belge de numismatique et de sigillographie 1974, CXX, p. 106 and plate I, #4 (image).
1 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #3986 (9.59g).
1 in the British Museum Collection, reg. no. 1982,0202.24 (10.66g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold on eBay in April 2007 (11.0g).
1 collection of Robert Bernobich, sold on eBay in October 2011 (9.2g).
1 sold on VCoins by Walter Holt's Old Money in January 2013 (8.21g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold on VCoins by Athena in September 2014 (10.25 g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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11 specimens known

Z 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967,  Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #3987 (9.55g.).
1 collection of Jan de Veen, bought in 2008 from Archaelogical Center at Vcoins. (12.04g).
1 sold on eBay in February 2011, also listed at NOT in RIC (9.9g).
1 sold on eBay in October 2012 by Gitbud & Naumann (8.5g).
1 collection of Jan de Veen, bought on eBay in November 2012 (9.12g).
1 collection of Jan de Veen, bought on eBay in October 2013 from "timelessthing" (9.93g).
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8 specimens known

H 1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1944.100.4344 (9.92g). Bequest of E.T. Newell.
3 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #5, British Museum, ex Münzen und Medallien AG Basel, list 386, Feb. 1977, #23 (9.01g).
1 ex Tony Hardy collection, sold by Beast Coins. (9.92g).
1 collection of Jan de Veen, from Phoenicia Coins and Antiques (9.79g).
1 sold on CNG auction in December 2009 (8.2g), also listed at NOT in RIC. (image) - the officina mark H is very worn on this one.
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10 specimens known
ΔE 1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1944.100.4345 (9.28g).
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 sold June 2007 by Hess-Divo AG, Auction 307, Lot 1728 (11.26g), earlier at Auctiones S.A., Basel, Auction 10, June 1979, Lot 747.
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4 specimens known

I 1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1944.100.4346 (9.48g).
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard,  #3988 (9.10g), #3989 (9.07g).
1 listed by Salzmann, Numismatic Chronicle 1983, plate 42, #6, sold by Lanz, Munich, sale 22, 10 May, 1982, as lot #890.
1 collection of Jan de Veen, ex Rick Morton collection, former Beast Coins, listed at Not in RIC (8.23g).
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7 specimens known