Constantine I as Caesar
The "Lost" GENIO POPVLI ROMANI Issue of Antioch, July 306 - Spring 307 AD

Overlooked by RIC VI. Multiple specimens known for all 10 officina!

Constantine I as Caesar, AE Follis, 306-307, Antioch

Obverse:
FL VAL CONSTANTINVS NOB CAES
Laureate head right

Reverse:
GENIO POPV_LI ROMANI
Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over left shoulder, liquors flowing from patera in right hand, cornucopiae in left.
Officina in right field, ANT : in exergue

Reference:
-Banduri, Anselmo, "Numismata Imperatorum Romanorum a Trajano Decio usque ad Palaeologos Augustos", Vol. II, 1718, p. 261.
-Cohen, Henry, "Descriptions Historique des Monnaies frappees sous l'Empire Romain", 1888, Tome VII, p253, #219 (no reference to Antioch or mint mark).
-Voetter, Otto, "Die Kupferprägung der Diokletianischen Tetrarchie", Numischmatische Zeitschrift, Wien, 1917, p13 and table (Tafel) VII.
Quote from p13:
"Die achte Emission mit ANT : ist Anfange 306 entstanden; dies bezeugen die Serie des Constantius Chlorus, der mitte des Jahres starb, und jene des Severus Caesar, da er eben dann Augustus wurde. Anderszeits gibt es weder einen Severus Aug. noch einen Constantinus Magnus aus der früheren Emission (ANT dot). Eben diese achte Emission ist die letzte mit dem vollen Gewicht. Severus hat von den nun folgenden Mittelbronzen, die um ein Drittel des Gewichtes reduziert worden sind, kein Stück mehr geprägt (Taf. VII oberere Teil)."
In Tafel VII Voetter cites examples of this coin for officina (A, B, E, S, Z, H and I).
-Voetter, Otto, "Die Münzen der römischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus, Katalog der hinterlassenen Sammlung und Aufzeichnung des Herrn Paul Gerin", 1921, p46, #1 (specimen in the collection of Paul Gerin, from officina AΓ and S)
-Kent, J.P.C., "The Pattern of Bronze Coinage under Constantine I", Numismatic Chronicle, 1957, p 69, #1086
-Sutherland, C.H.V., "The Roman Imperial Coinage" Volume VI, 1967, general note from p. 605: "It is to be strongly presumed (though explicit proof is lacking) that the final issue of Group II aes continued into Group III with mark, weight and types unchanged. [...] the issue may not date until c. spring 307".
-Bastien, Pierre, "Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307)", Revue Numismatique, 1967, Aleppo & Homs, Syria Hoards, table p171.
-Bastien, Pierre, "Trouvaille de folles au Liban (294-307)", Revue Numismatique, 1967, Lebanon Hoard, p188, #76.
-King, C.E. & Spaer, A., "A Hoard of Folles from Northern Sinai", Numismatic Chronicle, 1977, p106, #4000-4009.
-Salzmann, D., "Folles of Severus II as Augustus and of Constantine I as Caesar from Antioch ", Numismatic Chronicle, 1983, p214-216 and plate 42, #7.
Image
Off Specimens found
A 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p46, #1, collection of Paul Gerin.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 ex Barry Murphy collection (9.73g) listed at NOT in RIC and on Vcoins at Ephesus Numismatics. (image).
1 sold by CNG eAuction 110, lot 238 (10.88g) in March, 2005 for $147, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 in the collection of Robert Bernobich (10.47g), sold on eBay in March 2008 for $202.04, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold on eBay in November 2019 (10.40g) for GBP 57,- ,  listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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7 specimens known

B 4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen (8.92g), ex Beast Coins (sold for $165), ex Gert Boersema (sold for $95), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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7 specimens known
Γ 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p46, #1, collection of Paul Gerin.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Lebanon Hoard, #76 (9.44g), listed at NOT in RIC (image)
1 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4000 (11.81g).
1 listed by Salzmann, NC 1983, plate 42, #7, British Museum (9.97g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 from the British Museum Collection (reg. no. B.5589) (8.99g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 listed by Maurice, Vol III, p151, #4, plate 7, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 from the British Museum Collection (reg. no. 1982,1034.234) (9.49g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen (10.16g), ex-Rick Morton, sold on eBay in September 2013 for $200 Euro, listed at Not in RIC (image).
1 sold on eBay in April 2008 in a 2 coin lot for $20.50, bought by Tom Schroer, listed at Not in RIC. (image).
1 listed on Vcoins by Athena numismatics (10.37g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold at Roma Numismatics E-Sale 86 (lot 1443) in July 2021 (10.72g) for GBP 80,-  listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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17 specimens known
Δ 4 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
3 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4001 (11.04g), #4002 (10.55g), #4003 (9.90g).
1 sold on eBay in September 2005 for $17.83, listed at Not in RIC (image).
1 sold by Gert Boersema Ancient Coins (9.61g) for 100 Euro, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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9 specimens known.

E 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 in the collection of Thomasz Speier (10.62g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen (12.40g), purchased on eBay in August 2021 for GBP 60, listed at Not in RIC (main picture).
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen (9.18g), purchased on eBay in August 2021 for $80,- , listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 in the collection of Jan de Veen (8.68g), purchased on eBay in August 2021 for $85,-., listed at NOT in RIC (image)
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8 specimens known.

S 1 listed in Voetter-Gerin, 1921, p46, #1, collection of Paul Gerin.
3 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard,  #4004 (9.82g), #4005 (9.41g).
1 ex Barry Murphy, ex CNG 43, Lot 2501, Aufhauser 10 (8.55g).
1 sold on eBay in April, 2007 for $54.40, listed at NOT in RIC (11.0g) (image).
1 in the collection of Robert Bernobich (the : is not present on this specimen), sold on eBay in October 2011 for  $217.38,  
and again at VAuctions sale 310 (lot 269) in September 2014 for $330,- , listed at NOT in RIC (9.28g) (image).
1 sold on eBay in August 2018 for $10.50 (10.74g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold at Savoca Numismatik 91st online auction (lot 753) in December 2020 for 85,- Euro;
and again on Savoca Numismatik 99th blue auction (lot 1733) in April 2021 for 65,- Euro (9.22g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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13 specimens known.
Z 6 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4006 (9.19g), #4007 (9.02g).
1 listed in the ANS database: ANS 1979.121.1 (9.67g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold as article #08398 in the rustyromans.com shop, Nov 2007.
1 in the collection of Robert Bernobich, sold on eBay by rustyromans in March 2008 (10.6g), listed at NOT in RIC (image)
1 in the collection of Steve Santore (9.59g), listed at NOT in RIC. (image).
1 listed by Roman Lode on VCoins since January 2013 (9.75g).
1 offered for $50 at VAuctions Triskeles auction 30 (lot 332) in December 2019 (9.79g), remained unsold, listed at NOT in RIC (image) .
1 sold at Savoca Numismatik 90th blue auction (lot 1515) in November 2020 for 18 Euro (9.49g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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16 specimens known.


H 1 listed in the ANS database: ANS  1944.100.4337 (9.14g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 sold at CNG eAuction 233 in May 2010 (12.02g) for $325,-, listed at Not in RIC (image).
1 sold by FORVM Ancient Coins (9.64g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold in August 2021 (8.96g) for 70 Euro at Lydia Numsmatics online auction #10, lot 713 (image).
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8 specimens known.

ΔE 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
6 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Homs, Syria Hoard, table p171.
1 sold on eBay in June 2008 for 125 Australian Dollars,-. Now in the collection of Ben Bridgwater, listed at NOT in RIC. (image)
1 sold by FORVM Ancient Coins (8.87g), listed at NOT in RIC (image).
1 sold at Gorny & Mosch auction 212 (lot 3041) in March 2013 (11.31g) for 190 Euro, listed at NOT in RIC. (image).
1 sold at Solidus auction 57 (Lot 265) in April 2020 for $65 as part of a 3 coin lot (8.12g), sold again on eBay in June 2020 for 120 Euro,
listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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12 specimens known.
I 2 listed by Bastien, RN 1967, Aleppo, Syria Hoard, table p171.
2 listed by King and Spaer, NC 1977, Northern Sinai Hoard, #4008 (8.56g), #4009 (8.55g).
1 in the collection of Brent Upchurch, listed at NOT in RIC. (image)
1 sold at ArtCoins Roma auction in December 2012 (11.02g) for 144 Euro,
sold again at Bertolami FineArt E-Live auction 83 (lot 1311) in June 2020 for 35 UK pounds, listed at Not in RIC (image).
1 listed at Late Roman Bronze Coin Forum (9.20g), posted by Victor, listed at NOT in RIC (image).
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7 specimens known.